Centrolene gemmatum
family: Centrolenidae
subfamily: Centroleninae
Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Critically Endangered (CR)
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Ecuador


View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.


From the IUCN Red List Species Account:


Range Description

This species is known only from the type locality: San Francisco de Las Pampas, Cotopaxi Province, Ecuador, at 1,800m asl.

Habitat and Ecology

It is found near streams in cloud forest. Reproduction is presumed to be via eggs laid on vegetation, with the tadpoles developing in water.


It has not been found since it was first described in the early 1980s. Intensive searching at Bosque Integral Otonga (near the type locality) has not turned up any individuals. However, the type region is large, and the species might have been overlooked.

Population Trend


Major Threats

Habitat destruction and degradation, due to small-scale agriculture and subsistence wood collection, is the primary threat to this species, but it might also have been impacted by chytridiomycosis.

Conservation Actions

The species is not known to occur in any protected areas. Further survey work is required to determine whether or not this species still survives.

Red List Status

Critically Endangered (CR)


Luis A. Coloma, Santiago Ron 2004. Centrolene gemmatum. In: IUCN 2014


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