This species is known only from the type locality: San Francisco de Las Pampas, Cotopaxi Province, Ecuador, at 1,800m asl.
Habitat and Ecology
It is found near streams in cloud forest. Reproduction is presumed to be via eggs laid on vegetation, with the tadpoles developing in water.
It has not been found since it was first described in the early 1980s. Intensive searching at Bosque Integral Otonga (near the type locality) has not turned up any individuals. However, the type region is large, and the species might have been overlooked.
Habitat destruction and degradation, due to small-scale agriculture and subsistence wood collection, is the primary threat to this species, but it might also have been impacted by chytridiomycosis.
The species is not known to occur in any protected areas. Further survey work is required to determine whether or not this species still survives.
Red List Status
Critically Endangered (CR)
Luis A. Coloma, Santiago Ron 2004. Centrolene gemmatum. In: IUCN 2014