This species is endemic to the Zagros Mountains of western Iran. It is known from relatively few localities, mostly the western foothills of Kuzestan, Lorestan and Fars Provinces. The distribution map for this species is largely based on Stöck et al. (2001). It has an altitudinal distribution of 750-1,200 m asl.
Habitat and Ecology
There is little is known about the habitat requirements of this species, though it presumably has similar habitat requirements to Bufotes surdus; like many members of the genus Bufotes it presumably breeds in still or slow moving waters.
This species appears to be quite rare.
The main threats to this species are prolonged drought and some localized habitat destruction (often through agricultural expansion) in parts of its range.
It is not known with certainty if the species is present in any protected areas. The exact distribution and natural history of this species is not well known and needs further research. Further research is needed into the possible impact of climate change on this species, especially concerning the desiccation of breeding habitats.
Red List Status
Least Concern (LC)
Listed as Least Concern in view of its wide distribution, presumed large population, and because it is unlikely to be declining fast enough to qualify for listing in a more threatened category. If climate change is found to be a major threat to this species then the conservation status of this species should be reevaluated.
According to Stöck et al. (2001) this is was considered a member of the Pseudepidalea surda subgroup. What was the Bufo viridis group is now treated under Bufotes.
Stöck, M., Papenfuss, T., Anderson, S., Kuzmin, S., Rastegar-Pouyani, N., Sharifi, M. & Nilson, G. 2015. Bufotes luristanicus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2015: e.T54697A74334931. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2015-1.RLTS.T54697A74334931.en