Bombina orientalis
Oriental Fire-Bellied Toad
family: Bombinatoridae

© 2009 Pierre Fidenci (1 of 37)

AmphibiaChina 中国两栖类.

Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Least Concern (LC)
Other International Status Not Threatened
National Status None
Regional Status None



View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.

From the IUCN Red List Species Account:


Range Description

This species is found in northeastern China, throughout the Democratic People's Republic of Korea and the Republic of Korea and in the Khabarovsk and Primorye regions in Russia. Records of this species from southern Japan (Tsushima and Kiushiu islands) are now believed to be in error (M. Matsui pers. comm.). There is a small-introduced population of this species close to Beijing. It is a lowland species present to 500m asl (Russia).

Habitat and Ecology

It inhabits mixed coniferous and broad-leaved forests, open meadows, river valleys and swampy bush lands. It breeds in streams, pools, paddy fields, ditches and other waterbodies. This species can adapt to modified habitats.


It is regarded as common in both China and Russia.

Population Trend


Major Threats

This species is generally threatened by habitat loss and degradation. In Russia, the collection of animals for traditional Chinese medicine might be a potential threat. Moderate numbers are exported, mainly to western Europe and North America in the international pet trade.

Conservation Actions

This species is present within a number of protected areas in China and the Korean Peninsula and six nature reserves in Russia. It is listed on the Red Data Book of Khabarovskii Region, Russia. There is a need to monitor the relatively small Russian population.

Red List Status

Least Concern (LC)


Listed as Least Concern in view of its wide distribution, presumed large population, and because it is unlikely to be declining fast enough to qualify for listing in a more threatened category.


Sergius Kuzmin, Li Pipeng, Masafumi Matsui, Vladimir Ishchenko, Irina Maslova 2004. Bombina orientalis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T54449A11146991. .Downloaded on 15 February 2019


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