© 2007 David Wake (1 of 14)
Bolitoglossa yucatana varies in coloration: the dorsal region has been observed as blue-black (Peters 1882), brownish black (Duellman 1965), and many different shades of brown. This region can be mottled with cream or tan. A dark brown triangular patch of color can often be distinguished between the eyes. The sides are usually dark brown, changing to a brownish black or tan color venterally. This underside region can show white spotting (Dundee and Scheibe 2000).
Distribution and Habitat
This species usually resides in caves or cenotes, but it can also be found in thorn forests and tropical evergreen forests. Bolitoglossa yucatana is very tolerant of dry conditions (see Description) (Dundee and Scheibe 2000).
The species name, "yucatana," refers to the area in which it most commonly occurs, the Peninsula de Yucatan (Dundee and Scheibe 2000).
Duellman, W. E. (1965). ''Amphibians and reptiles from the Yucatan Peninsula, Mexico.'' University of Kansas Publications, Museum of Natural History, 15, 577-614.
Dundee, H. A., and Scheibe, J. S. (2000). ''Bolitoglossa yucatana.'' Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles. Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles, 702.1-702.3.
Lee, J. C. (1996). The Amphibians and Reptiles of the Yucatan Peninsula. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, New York.
Peters, W. (1882). ''Eine neue Art der urodelen Batrachier, Oedipus yucatanus, aus Yucatan (Centralamerica).'' Sitzungs-Ber. Ges. naturforsch. Freunde Berlin, (9), 137-138.
Wake, D. B., Lynch, J. F. (1976). ''The distribution, ecology, and evolutionary history of plethodontid salamanders in tropical America.'' Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County Science Bulletin, 25(1), 1-75. [link]
Written by Elizabeth Reisman (lreisman AT uclink.berkeley.edu), UCB-Undergraduate Research Apprentice Program
First submitted 2003-10-31
Edited by Kellie Whittaker (2007-12-03)
Species Account Citation: AmphibiaWeb 2007 Bolitoglossa yucatana: Yucatan Salamander <http://amphibiaweb.org/species/4023> University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. Accessed Aug 4, 2020.
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Citation: AmphibiaWeb. 2020. <http://amphibiaweb.org> University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. Accessed 4 Aug 2020.
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