Bolitoglossa tica
Tico Salamander, salamandra tica
Subgenus: Eladinea
family: Plethodontidae
subfamily: Hemidactyliinae
Species Description: Garcia-Paris M, Parra-Olea B, Wake DB 2008 Description of a new species of the Bolitoglossa subpalamata group (Caudata: Plethodontidae)from Costa Rica. Herp. J. 18:23-31.

© 2017 Twan Leenders (1 of 11)
Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Endangered (EN)
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None


View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.


From the IUCN Red List Species Account:


Range Description

This recently described species has been recorded from the northern slopes of the Cordillera de Talamanca and the Cerros de Escazú, of Costa Rica (García-París et al. 2008). Animals have been collected between 1,745 and 2,500m asl (García-París et al. 2008).

Habitat and Ecology

This species is found in subtropical montane tropical moist forest to cloud forest habitats (García-París et al. 2008). The mean annual temperature within the species range in 12-15 ºC, with between 1,825 to 2,300mm of annual rainfall (García-París et al. 2008). It is a relatively arboreal species that has often been collected from bromeliads, although animals have also been captured under surface litter and the bark of logs (García-París et al. 2008). It is not known if the species can persist in disturbed habitats.


There is little information available on the abundance of this species.

Population Trend


Major Threats

It is presumably threatened by some conversion of forest to agricultural land at lower elevations in its range. Additional studies are needed into the threats to this species.

Conservation Actions

This species is present in the Cerros de Escazú protected zone, and Parque Nacional Tapantí and Reserva Biológica Cerro las Vueltas. Additional studies are needed into the threats to this recently described species.

Red List Status

Endangered (EN)


Listed as Endangered because while the Extent of Occurrence is less than 100 km2, all individuals are in two locations, and while there is probably a continuing decline in the extent and quality of its habitat, it is unlikely to be severely fragmented at the two known localities.

Taxonomic Notes

Recently recognised as a distinct member of the Bolitoglossa subpalmata complex (García-París et al. 2000; García-París et al. 2008).


Bolaños, F. & Chaves, G. 2008. Bolitoglossa tica. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2008: e.T136005A114573607. .Downloaded on 19 November 2018


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