This species occurs on Cerro El Pital in the Department of Ocotepeque in south-west Honduras, and in adjacent north-western El Salvador, at 2,150 m asl.
Habitat and Ecology
It lives on low vegetation in lower montane moist forest, and in nearby degraded areas where there is good cover. Animals have been recorded from bromeliads, a tree fern, on tree trunks, under ground cover, and close to streams in cloud forest (Köhler et al. 2006). It breeds by direct development.
It is an uncommon species.
The major threat to this species is habitat loss and degradation due to the impacts of forest fires, and encroachment by subsistence farming.
Cerro El Pital, which is the highest point in El Salvador, was declared a Biological Reserve in 1987, but on the Honduran side of the border only. Expansion of this protected area to include all of the Cerro El Pital is urgently needed.
Red List Status
Critically Endangered (CR)
Listed as Critically Endangered because its Extent of Occurrence is less than 100 km2, all individuals are in a single location, and there is continuing decline in the extent and quality of its habitat on Cerro El Pital.
Cruz, G., Wilson, L.D., McCranie, R., Köhler, G. & Castañeda, F. 2010. Bolitoglossa synoria. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2010: e.T59213A114577360. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2010-2.RLTS.T59213A11898082.en