Bolitoglossa synoria

Subgenus: Magnadigita
family: Plethodontidae
subfamily: Hemidactyliinae

© 2013 Néstor Ruballo (1 of 8)
Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Critically Endangered (CR)
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: El Salvador, Honduras


View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.


From the IUCN Red List Species Account:


Range Description

This species occurs on Cerro El Pital in the Department of Ocotepeque in south-west Honduras, and in adjacent north-western El Salvador, at 2,150 m asl.

Habitat and Ecology

It lives on low vegetation in lower montane moist forest, and in nearby degraded areas where there is good cover. Animals have been recorded from bromeliads, a tree fern, on tree trunks, under ground cover, and close to streams in cloud forest (Köhler et al. 2006). It breeds by direct development.


It is an uncommon species.

Population Trend


Major Threats

The major threat to this species is habitat loss and degradation due to the impacts of forest fires, and encroachment by subsistence farming.

Conservation Actions

Cerro El Pital, which is the highest point in El Salvador, was declared a Biological Reserve in 1987, but on the Honduran side of the border only. Expansion of this protected area to include all of the Cerro El Pital is urgently needed.

Red List Status

Critically Endangered (CR)


Gustavo Cruz, Larry David Wilson, Randy McCranie, Gunther Köhler and Franklin Castañeda 2010. Bolitoglossa synoria. In: IUCN 2014


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