AMPHIBIAWEB
Bolitoglossa salvinii

Subgenus: Bolitoglossa
family: Plethodontidae
subfamily: Hemidactyliinae

© 2012 Sean Michael Rovito (1 of 15)
Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Endangered (EN)
CITES
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: El Salvador, Guatemala

 

View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.

   

From the IUCN Red List Species Account:

 

Range Description

This species is found in the upper coastal plain at moderate elevations (600-1,250m asl) on the Pacific slopes of southern Guatemala and from one locality in El Salvador (at the Instituto Tropical de Investigaciones Científicas in San Salvador).

Habitat and Ecology

Originally an inhabitant of forest environs, these habitats have largely disappeared within its range, and it is now found mainly in shaded coffee plantations (under bananas) and in sugar-cane fields. In El Salvador, it is reported from dry forest at around 700m asl (Köhler et al., 2006). In Guatemala, it has been recorded in lowland wet forests (<1600m asl) (Wake and Lynch, 1976). It breeds by direct development.

Population

It used to be reasonably common in suitable habitat, but is now uncommon.

Population Trend

decreasing

Major Threats

The major threat in the past has been habitat loss, due mainly to subsistence agricultural activities and wood extraction. The clearance of shaded habitats to open, drier landscapes will be severely detrimental to this species.

Conservation Actions

It is not currently known from any protected areas in Guatemala, although protected areas are proposed within the species range. It might occur in Parque Nacional El Imposible in El Salvador (though this is not confirmed). The maintenance of shaded habitats is important to ensure the long-term persistence of this species.

Red List Status

Endangered (EN)

Rationale

Listed as Endangered because its Extent of Occurrence is less than 5,000 km2, its distribution is severely fragmented, and there is continuing decline in the extent and quality of its habitat in Guatemala and El Salvador.

Citation

Acevedo, M., Wake, D., Köhler, G. & Vasquez, C. 2010. Bolitoglossa salvinii. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2010: e.T59203A114583580. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2010-2.RLTS.T59203A11895292.en

 

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