It was described from a single individual, and it appears to be the only Bolitoglossa species on the island of Ometepe. It is also the only Bolitoglossa species found in Nicaragua at mid-premontane level (Sunyer et al. 2008). There have been several other unpublished records of this species (around 20 additional records in the last 5 years) from tourists and park rangers at the type locality (J. Sunyer pers. comm. October 2012).
This species occurs in the Ometepe Island Biosphere Reserve and the forest is in good condition. However, there are increasing threats from agriculture in the lowland areas, which in the future may encroach on the elevation where this salamander is found (J. Sunyer pers. comm. October 2012).
Although it occurs in the Ometepe Island Biosfere Reserve, specific protection is needed to prevent habitat destruction from expanding agriculture. Further surveys are required to better understand this species' population status and natural history.
Red List Status
Listed as Vulnerable given that it is known from a restricted area and single threat-defined location based on the potential future encroachment of agricultural activities into its pristine forest habitat in Ometepe Island, Nicaragua. If the threat occurs, the species would immediately qualify for a Critically Endangered listing.
IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group 2013. Bolitoglossa insularis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2013: e.T18435631A19365538. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2013-1.RLTS.T18435631A19365538.en .Downloaded on 13 December 2018