Anaxyrus terrestris
Southern Toad
family: Bufonidae

© 2006 Kristine Hoffmann (1 of 40)
Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Least Concern (LC)
NatureServe Status Use NatureServe Explorer to see status.
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None


View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.


From the IUCN Red List Species Account:


Range Description

This species occurs in the Coastal Plain, USA, from southeastern Virginia to the Florida Keys, west to Louisiana; disjunctive population in Upper Piedmont and Blue Ridge of South Carolina (but not Georgia) (Laerm and Hopkins 1997).

Habitat and Ecology

It is adaptable and ubiquitous. Occupies a wide variety of wooded and unwooded habitats, which usually have sandy soil. Burrows underground when inactive. Eggs and larvae develop in shallow water of permanent ponds, woodland pools, and flooded depressions.


It is common in many areas throughout range, despite habitat alteration.

Population Trend


Major Threats

Basically unthreatened. However, this species has become uncommon in areas where introduced Bufo marinus has proliferated in southern Florida (Bartlett and Bartlett 1999).

Conservation Actions

No conservation needed.

Red List Status

Least Concern (LC)


Listed as Least Concern in view of its wide distribution, tolerance of a broad range of habitats, presumed large population, and because it is unlikely to be declining fast enough to qualify for listing in a more threatened category.


Geoffrey Hammerson 2004. Anaxyrus terrestris. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T54777A11188391. .Downloaded on 10 December 2018


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