Amphiuma means
Two-toed Amphiuma, Conger Eel, Congo Eel, Congo Snake, Lamprey Eel, Ditch Eel, Fish Eel
family: Amphiumidae

© 2016 Dr. Joachim Nerz (1 of 18)
Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Least Concern (LC)
NatureServe Status Use NatureServe Explorer to see status.
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None


View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.


From the IUCN Red List Species Account:


Range Description

This species can be found in the Coastal Plain of southeastern North America from southeastern Virginia to Florida and eastern Louisiana.

Habitat and Ecology

This species can be found in swamps, bayous, margins of muddy sloughs, cypress heads, drainage ditches, sluggish streams, wet meadows, muddy lakes; soft substrate for burrowing or thick aquatic vegetation important for shelter. Often uses crayfish burrows. It may leave water, especially on rainy nights; sometimes found under objects at water's edge. Eggs are laid under objects in damp place near water's edge or possibly in shallow water, or underground.


Total adult population size is unknown but surely exceeds 10,000 and might exceed 100,000.

Population Trend


Major Threats

Widespread loss of wetlands undoubtedly has eliminated many local populations, but the species remains common in many other areas (Petranka 1998).

Conservation Actions

Protection of coastal plain wetlands is the major conservation need.

Red List Status

Least Concern (LC)


Listed as Least Concern in view of its wide distribution, presumed large population, and because it is unlikely to be declining fast enough to qualify for listing in a more threatened category.


Geoffrey Hammerson 2004. Amphiuma means. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T59074A11879454. .Downloaded on 20 January 2019


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