AmphibiaWeb - Ambystoma laterale
AMPHIBIAWEB
Ambystoma laterale
Blue-spotted Salamander
Subgenus: Xiphonura
family: Ambystomatidae
genus: Ambystoma

© 2010 Todd Pierson (1 of 37)
Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Least Concern (LC)
NatureServe Status Use NatureServe Explorer to see status.
CITES No CITES Listing
National Status None
Regional Status None
Access Conservation Needs Assessment Report.

   

 

View distribution map in BerkeleyMapper.
View Bd and Bsal data (11 records).

Description
Ambystoma laterale is a slender salamader that resembles the species A. jeffersonianum, although the former exhibits a smaller size (7.6-12.9 cm in length), narrower snout and darker color. A. laterale typically possesses a dorsal coloring of grayish-black to bluish black. The lower sides of this species may also display large bluish-white flecks. The stomach is usually fleckled and lighter in color, with the ventral mostly black.

Distribution and Habitat

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Canada, United States

U.S. state distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Connecticut, Iowa, Illinois, Indiana, Massachusetts, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Vermont, Wisconsin

Canadian province distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland and Labrador, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec

 

View distribution map in BerkeleyMapper.
View Bd and Bsal data (11 records).
The species is concentrated near the Great Lakes, and ranges along the Atlantic from New Jersey to Quebec, Canada. The deciduous forests are ideal locations for observing A. laterale in its natural habitat.

Life History, Abundance, Activity, and Special Behaviors
The breeding season lasts from March to April of each year, where the females lay eggs in either masses of 6-10 at a time, or singly. The eggs are usually laid on debris located at the bottom of ponds.

Comments
This species account was based off the information in the National Audubon Society Field Guide to North American Reptiles and Amphibians (1996).

This species was featured as News of the Week on 14 March 2022:

One of the silverlinings of the COVID-19 pandemic has been reduced human activities on the landscape (sometimes called the "anthropause"), notably a decrease in motor vehicle traffic during lockdown. This provided a unique opportunity while monitoring amphibians in northeastern United States. Using a community citizen science project, The Maine Big Night: Amphibian Migration Monitoring, Leclair et al. (2021) collected data on migrating amphibians crossing roads at sites throughout Maine during amphibian mating seasons, from March to May in 2018 through 2021. Almost 8,000 amphibians representing 16 species were recorded at 199 sites surveyed during these four years. They found a 50% decrease in frog mortality in 2020 compared to the other survey years, mainly due to decreased frog deaths in March and April. Wildlife collision data for other species in Maine (e.g., deer, turkeys, moose) were consistent with this trend of lower wildlife mortality in spring 2020. Thus, there was a significant reduction in frog deaths in Maine because of the traffic reductions during the COVID-19 lockdown. In the same time period, increasing precipitation correlated with increasing frog deaths, but not in salamanders, suggesting that environmental factors influence frog and salamander movements differently. Roads can be significant barriers to amphibian migrations; thus, even small changes can have large effects for these populations, especially for frogs. (Written by Carol Spencer)

References

Behler, J.L. and King, F.W. (1996). National Audubon Society Field Guide to North American Reptiles and Amphibians. Knopf, New York, NY.



Originally submitted by: Kevin Gin (first posted 2003-11-25)
Edited by: Vance Vredenburg (2022-03-13)

Species Account Citation: AmphibiaWeb 2022 Ambystoma laterale: Blue-spotted Salamander <https://amphibiaweb.org/species/3836> University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. Accessed Jul 3, 2022.



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Citation: AmphibiaWeb. 2022. <https://amphibiaweb.org> University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. Accessed 3 Jul 2022.

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