This species is known only from the eastern slopes of Mount Cameroon, and from Bimbia Hill east of Limbe, in western Cameroon. Its altitudinal range is 200-1,000m asl.
Habitat and Ecology
It lives in and around streams and springs in forest, usually sheltering in rocky areas. Most of the known localities are in degraded forest, but it requires dense vegetation in order to survive. Its absence above 1,000m asl is probably related to the lack of streams, which it needs to breed, at high altitudes on Mount Cameroon.
It is abundant at many localities on the eastern slopes of Mount Cameroon.
Despite its tolerance of secondary vegetation, populations are likely to be threatened by habitat loss due to smallholder farming activities, subsistence wood extraction, and human settlement.
It is not known to occur in any protected areas. There is a need for improved habitat protection at sites where the species is known to occur.
Red List Status
Following Amiet and Dowsett-Lemaire (2000), Leptodactylodon bueanus is here treated as a separate species from L. albiventris (as opposed to a subspecies of L. albiventris following Amiet (1987)).
Jean-Louis Amiet 2004. Leptodactylodon bueanus. In: IUCN 2014