Southeast Asian Toad, Asian Common Toad, Spectacled Toad, Asian Black-spined Toad
Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Bangladesh, Bhutan, Brunei Darussalam, Cambodia, China, Hong Kong, India, Indonesia, Lao People's Democratic Republic, Malaysia, Maldives, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Thailand, Viet Nam
Malaysian region distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Peninsular Malaysia, Sabah, Sarawak
IUCN (Red List) status: Least Concern (LC).
|View distribution map in BerkeleyMapper.|
|View Bd and Bsal data (15 records).|
In Pakistan, this toad is a highland species and does not extend in the Indus Valley.
Recent geographic, genetic and ecological analysis show that Duttaphrynus melanostictus is comprised of three distinct lineages: Asian mainland, coastal Myanmar, and Sundaic islands. Likely these lineages represent at least three and possibly multiple species, which have higher conservation value than currently recognized. The species complex has been introduced to such distant places as Borneo, Sulawesi and Seram, and even Madagascar (Wogan et al 2015). However, more work is required to determine species delineations and even which species have been introduced.
Fei, L. 1999. Atlas of Amphibians of China.
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Citation: AmphibiaWeb. 2021. <http://amphibiaweb.org> University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. Accessed 27 Feb 2021.
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