This species ranges from eastern Nigeria to the Mayombe Hills in the extreme west of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. There are records from western and southwestern Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea, western Gabon, and southern and north-western Congo. It occurs up to 650 m Asl (M. Hirschfeld pers. comm. July 2016). It is presumed to occur in the Cabinda Enclave of Angola, but there have not yet been any records of occurrence in Angola (L. Ceríaco pers. comm. September 2016).
Habitat and Ecology
This species lives in lowland rainforest, including secondary forest. It breeds in flowing water, from torrents to slow streams, with a preference for wide, shallow streams with sandy banks.
It is a common species at low altitudes. Due to ongoing decline in the extent and quality of habitat, the population is suspected to be decreasing.
It is presumably declining because of forest loss within its range due to small-holder agricultural activities, expanding human settlements and logging.
Individuals from Gabon tested positive for Bd (Bell et al. 2011), suggesting that chytridiomycosis could be a threat to this species although no mortalities or ill effects have been observed.
This species occurs in several protected areas including Korup National Park (Cameroon), Monte Alen National Park (Equatorial Guinea), and Monts de Cristal, Lopé and Moukalaba-Doudou National Parks (Gabon) (Burger et al. 2006, Pauwels and Rödel 2007).
Red List Status
Least Concern (LC)
Listed as Least Concern in view of its wide distribution and its presumed large population.
IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group 2017. Scotobleps gabonicus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2017: e.T54442A18360880. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2017-2.RLTS.T54442A18360880.en .Downloaded on 24 February 2019