The range of this species is extremely unclear following its separation from Xenopus laevis. For the purposes of this assessment we have assumed that all animals in Tanzania, Kenya, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, Sudan and the Democratic Republic of Congo east of 28ºE refer to this species. It occurs up to 3,000 m asl. We therefore consider that all animals from Zambia southwards refer to Xenopus laevis, and all animals in Nigeria, Cameroon, Central African Republic, and the Democratic Republic of Congo west of 28ºE refer to X. laevis sudanensis.
Habitat and Ecology
It is a water-dependent species occurring in a very wide range of habitats, including heavily modified anthropogenic habitats. It lives in all sorts of waterbodies, including streams, but tends to avoid large rivers, and waterbodies with predatory fish. It reaches its highest densities in eutrophic water. It breeds in water; there are no records of it breeding in flowing water. It has very high reproductive potential. It is a highly opportunistic species, and colonizes newly recreated, apparently isolated, waterbodies with ease. It can migrate in large numbers when breeding ponds start to dry up, and the weather is wet.
It is an extremely abundant, and often increasing, species.
It is very successful and adaptable, and is not facing any significant threats.
It occurs in many protected areas.
Red List Status
Least Concern (LC)
We follow Channing and Howell (2006) and Pickersgill (2007) in treating this as a species distinct from Xenopus laevis.
IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group 2013. Xenopus victorianus. In: IUCN 2014