This species is widespread from northeastern India (Arunchal Pradesh and Nagaland) through northern Myanmar, northern and western Thailand, northern Lao People's Democratic Republic and northern Viet Nam south through the Annamite mountains of the Lao-Vietnamese border region, and southern and western Yunnan and western Guangxi provinces, in China. It is found at elevations between 250-2,500m asl.
Habitat and Ecology
It exclusively inhabits evergreen forest areas, in monsoon and perennial rain climates. It breeds in streams and tadpoles live in clear, swift-flowing streams.
It is known to be common throughout most of its range.
It is a widespread species; individual populations experience a wide variety of threats. The species overall is probably only potentially threatened by pervasive impacts such as mass forest destruction or water pollution/erosion runoff. In China it is collected locally for food.
The range of this species overlaps with several protected areas. Taxonomic research to review variation across the species' range would be useful.
Red List Status
Least Concern (LC)
Listed as Least Concern in view of its wide distribution, presumed large population, and because it is unlikely to be declining fast enough to qualify for listing in a more threatened category.
This species is sometimes called Megophrys lateralis (Anderson, 1908) (A. Ohler pers. comm.). Complicated nomenclatural history, and sexual dimorphism in leg proportions (Taylor 1962; but see Inger et al. 1999) might be partly at fault for records of X. longipes from Viet Nam.
Peter Paul van Dijk, Bryan Stuart, Wu Guanfu, Lu Shunqing, Yang Datong, Sohrab Uddin Sarker, Saibal Sengupta 2004. Megophrys major. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T57643A11668731. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2004.RLTS.T57643A11668731.en .Downloaded on 15 December 2018