Xenophrys brachykolos
family: Megophryidae

© 2008 Yu Zeng (1 of 11)

AmphibiaChina 中国两栖类.

Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Endangered (EN)
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: China, Hong Kong


View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.


From the IUCN Red List Species Account:


Range Description

This species was, until very recently, thought to be restricted to Hong Kong, southern China, and the only confirmed records are still from Hong Kong. A specimen from Fujian Province in China was reported in the original description, but there are no recent records from there (and it is not mapped as occurring there). Animals tentatively referrable to this species have also been reported from Lang Son and Ha Bac Provinces of north-eastern Viet Nam by Orlov et al. 2000 (also not included in the map). This species has been recorded from 20-750m asl.

Habitat and Ecology

It inhabits forests, and breeds in hill streams.


In Hong Kong it is uncommon; there is no information on the status of populations from Viet Nam.

Population Trend


Major Threats

The major threats are habitat loss and degradation, caused by urbanization and water pollution (as a result of chemicals used in mosquito control programmes).

Conservation Actions

Much of the range of this species falls inside country parks in Hong Kong.

Red List Status

Endangered (EN)


Listed as Endangered, because its Extent of Occurrence is less than 5,00 km2, and its Area of Occupancy is less than 500 km2, all individuals are in fewer than five locations, and there is a continuing decline in the extent and quality of its forest habitat.

Taxonomic Notes

Fei et al. (1999) considered this taxon to be a subspecies of Xenophrys minor but did not provide any explanation. We here consider it to be a full species.


Michael Wai Neng Lau, Zhao Ermi, Annemarie Ohler, Peter Paul van Dijk 2004. Megophrys brachykolos. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T57633A11667381. .Downloaded on 16 December 2018


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