This species is known only from the type locality, Amboli (at 720 m asl), Maharashtra state, in the Western Ghats of India (Biju et al. 2009). Its AOO is presumed to be less than 10 km2 and its EOO less than 100 km2 (S.D. Biju pers. comm. January 2011).
Habitat and Ecology
It is a terrestrial species found near disturbed evergreen forest patches (Biju et al. 2009) and plantations (S.D. Biju pers. comm. December 2010). Egg clutch size varies between 30-35 eggs, and eggs are laid in temporary puddles on laterite rocks (Biju et al. 2009). The species appears to be tolerant of some habitat modification since it occurs near disturbed forests; however, the extent of this tolerance is unknown.
This species is now considered to be rare compared to what it was in 2001 (S.D. Biju pers. comm. January 2011).
The area where this species occurs is experiencing loss of forest cover and its habitat is considered to be severely fragmented (S.D. Biju pers. comm. December 2010). Major threats to this species are large-scale agricultural activities, logging and tourism (S.D. Biju pers. comm. January 2011).
No conservation actions are currently known for this species, and it is not known to occur in any protected areas. Protection of its fragmented forest habitat is necessary. More information is needed on this species' distribution, population status, natural history and threats.
Red List Status
Critically Endangered (CR)
Listed as Critically Endangered because its area of occupancy (AOO) is estimated to be less than 10 km², its extent of occurrence (EOO) less than 100 km², all individuals are in a single location, and there is a continuing decline in the extent and quality of its habitat and in the number of mature individuals.
IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group 2011. Xanthophryne tigerina. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2011: e.T189700A8763964. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2011-1.RLTS.T189700A8763964.en .Downloaded on 12 December 2018