This species is endemic to the temperate forests of Chile and Argentina. In Chile, the distribution extends from Lanalhue Lake (37° 55'S; 73° 19'W), Arauco Province, to Palena 43°S (approximately). In Argentina, the species is restricted to southern Río Negro Province and northern Chubut Province (including a single record from Parque Nacional Los Alerces). It has an altitudinal range of 200-800m asl.
Habitat and Ecology
It inhabits humid to xeric forests, as well as open environments, some of them with a certain degree of disturbance (Vidoz and Ubeda 2000). Breeding occurs in shallow temporary ponds adjacent to rivers, reservoirs and lakes. Adults live in small holes or under bushes during the day.
The northernmost population in Chile is declining, while the Argentinean subpopulations seem to be stable, with successful reproduction with recruitment recently verified (Vidoz and Ubeda 2000). It is abundant during the breeding season when courtship aggregations are formed.
The major threat is degradation and fragmentation of habitat, due to agriculture, afforestation with exotic species (pine), overgrazing by cattle, and human settlements. Tourism development also appears to be a threat to the habitat of this species.
The species is protected by Parque Nacional Lago Puelo and Parque Nacional Los Alerces (a single record) in Argentina, and Parque Nacional Puyehue and Parque Nacional Vicente Pérez Rosales in Chile.
Red List Status
Listed as Vulnerable because of a population decline, estimated to be more than 30% over the last three generations, inferred from, shrinkage in distribution, and habitat destruction and degradation.
Carmen Úbeda, Alberto Veloso, Herman Núñez, Néstor Basso 2010. Rhinella rubropunctata. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2010: e.T54751A11199606. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2010-2.RLTS.T54751A11199606.en .Downloaded on 17 December 2018