This species occurs in the middle of the Cordillera Nombre de Dios along the Atlantic versant of north-central Honduras at 750-1,760m asl. It has been collected at only two sites, 60km apart.
Habitat and Ecology
It lives in premontane and lower montane wet forest, and is found breeding in clear water mountain streams.
It is uncommon, and the population has been decreasing over the last 15 years.
Major threats to this species include landslides in the upper reaches of streams (due to strong storms and human activities) and slash-and-burn agriculture. As a montane, stream-breeding species, declines could also be linked to chytridiomycosis.
The upper elevations in the central Cordillera Nombre de Dios have been protected in Pico Bonito National Park since 1988 and also in Refugio de Vida Silvestre Texiguat. Research is urgently needed to determine whether or not this species has been affected by chytridiomycosis. If disease is shown to be a major threat, then a captive-breeding programme may need to be established.
Red List Status
Listed as Endangered because of a serious population decline, estimated to be more than 50% over the last ten years, inferred from observed reduction in population size, and a decline in Area of Occupancy; and because its Extent of Occurrence is less than 5,000 km2, its distribution is severely fragmented, and there is continuing decline in the Area of Occupancy, and number of mature individuals.
Gustavo Cruz, Larry David Wilson 2004. Rhinella chrysophora. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T54486A11140412. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2004.RLTS.T54486A11140412.en .Downloaded on 14 December 2018