This species has been recorded from many localities in Sumatra, Indonesia: Gunung Dempo, South Sumatra Province; Bukit Kaba and Gunung Patah in Bengkulu Province; Gunung Tujuh, Lubuk Selasih, and Gunung Marapi (Agam) in West Sumatra Province; Renah Kayu Embun, 24 km west of Sungai Penuh, and on the road from Sungai Penuh to Tapan, all in Jambi Province; Pangururan (Samosir), Kp. Mompang (Kab. Mandailing Natal), Batang Toru Protection Forest, and Gunung Siabutan in North Sumatra Province; and Gunung Tutung, Aceh Province (Harvey et al. 2002, Inger and Iskandar 2005, Kurniati 2008, 2009, 2011; Streicher et al. 2014, Indonesia Red List Assessment Workshop May 2017). A female specimen from Bengkulu Province previously assigned to this species now belongs to the newly described Rhacophorus bengkuluensis (Streicher et al. 2014). The elevational range of this species is 500–1,800 m asl.
Habitat and Ecology
This species occurs in lowland and montane primary and secondary forests. Males call from low vegetation near to streams, and the larvae develop in freshwater, presumably after eggs are laid in foam nests.
The type series consists of 18 specimens and 21 larval specimens have been sampled from a forest near Lubuk Selasih; it is considered to be locally common within the known localities in the Kerinci Seblat National Park and other localities in Jambi Province (Kurniati 2008, Mediyansyah pers. comm. May 2017). A survey conducted at Gunung Tujuh in 2011 failed to report this species from where it was collected six years before, very likely due to agriculture intensification (Kurniati 2012). Due to ongoing decline in the extent and quality of habitat, the population is suspected to be decreasing.
Agriculture intensification is a threat to this species, which is also likely to be impacted by forest loss caused by small-scale subsistence collection of wood and increasing human settlement (M. Kamsi, Mediyansyah, A. Riyanto and M. Munir pers. comm. May 2017).
This species occurs within Kerinci Seblat National Park, Bukit Kaba Nature Recreation Park, Batang Toru Protected Forest, and possibly within the Lembah Anai Nature Reserve.
Effective preservation of lowland and montane rainforests is required.
Further research on this species' distribution, population size and trends is recommended.
Red List Status
Data Deficient (DD)
Listed as Least Concern in view of its wide distribution and presumed large population.
This is a restricted concept of Rhacophorus catamitus following the split of the broader concept into this and Rhacophorus bengkuluensis (Streicher et al. 2014).
IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group 2018. Rhacophorus catamitus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2018: e.T79129022A79128914. .Downloaded on 19 November 2018