This species is endemic to the Western Ghats of India in the states of Maharashtra and Karnataka. It was recently reported from Chikmagalur in Karnataka (Bossuyt et al. 2001). It has been recorded from elevations of between 400 and 1,300 m asl.
Habitat and Ecology
It is an arboreal species associated with the understorey of tropical moist evergreen forest and shrubland. It is also present in secondary forest disturbed habitats. It breeds by direct development.
It can be a common species, but is reported to have declined in the vicinity of Pune town.
Habitat loss as a result of logging, infrastructure development, and disturbance due to touristic activities, is believed to be the main threat to this species.
It has been recorded in the Dajipur Wildlife Sanctuary, Radhanagari Wildlife Sanctuary, Bhimasankar Wildlife Sanctuary, and Mahabaleshwar Reserve Forest, all in Maharashtra State. A taxonomic revision of this species is urgently required (S.D. Biju pers. comm.).
Red List Status
Listed as Vulnerable, because its Extent of Occurrence is less than 20,000 km2 and its Area of Occupancy is less than 2,000 km2, its distribution is severely fragmented, and there is a continuing decline in the extent and quality of its forest habitat.
S.D. Biju, Kartik Shanker, S.P. Vijayakumar, Chelmala Srinivasulu, S. Bhupathy, Anand Padhye 2004. Raorchestes bombayensis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T58823A11846015. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2004.RLTS.T58823A11846015.en .Downloaded on 11 December 2018