This species occurs in the "Llanos" lowlands of Colombia and Venezuela in the Orinoco drainage system. It generally occurs up to 800m asl, but it is also found at the southern end of Cerro Corocoro in Venezuela at the unusual altitude of 1,220m asl.
Habitat and Ecology
It is a species of savannahs, grasslands, degraded tropical dry forests, and gallery forests. During the dry season it can be found in dry leaf-litter along the beds of temporary woodland streams. In the Cerro Corocoro area, which is well drained and seasonally arid, it has been found in sparse aquatic vegetation in shallow water along the edge of a drying, boulder-strewn stream. The animals breed in temporary and permanent pools, and in temporary streams. They have been found climbing aquatic thorny palms (Bactris spp.) from which they descend to lay eggs in temporary or permanent ponds.
It is an extremely abundant species.
It is not seriously threatened, but expanding rice fields, and the associated chemical water pollution are probably impacting some populations.
Some Venezuelan populations occur within protected areas.
Red List Status
Least Concern (LC)
Listed as Least Concern in view of its wide distribution, tolerance of a broad range of habitats, presumed large population, and because it is unlikely to be declining to qualify for listing in a more threatened category.
Celsa Señaris, Jose Vicente Rueda 2010. Pseudopaludicola llanera. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2010: e.T57314A11618296. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2010-2.RLTS.T57314A11618296.en .Downloaded on 24 February 2019