This species is known only from Cachoeiro do Itapemirim, in the state of Espírito Santo in south-eastern Brazil, although it might occur more widely. The only records are from low altitudes close to sea level.
Habitat and Ecology
It has been found in primary and secondary forest, living in leaf-litter near streams in which the larvae probably develop.
It is known only from four specimens.
The major threats to this species are probably related to habitat loss due to agricultural development, livestock grazing, human settlement and logging.
It is not known from any protected areas.
Red List Status
Data Deficient (DD)
Listed as Data Deficient since it has only recently been described, and there is still very little known about its extent of occurrence, area of occupancy, status and ecological requirements.
Oswaldo Luiz Peixoto, Débora Silvano 2004. Proceratophrys phyllostoma. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T57307A11616136. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2004.RLTS.T57307A11616136.en .Downloaded on 20 February 2019