This species is known from three localities: one in the municipality of Sonsón, another one in Belmira, and a third one in Liborina, all in the department of Antioquia, Colombia. It has been recorded between 2,620–3,800 m asl. It occurs in three threat-defined locations and its EOO is 297 km2.
Habitat and Ecology
This species is restricted to primary forest or slightly disturbed forest, along streams in dense vegetation. It also occurs in areas with waterfalls (Lynch 1991). It is nocturnal and during the day it is usually found under rocks. Breeding is by direct development.
It is an uncommon species. Due to ongoing decline in the extent and quality of habitat, the population is suspected to be decreasing.
The major threat is habitat loss caused by deforestation due to agricultural, livestock, and mining activities.
In the 2004 assessment, the species was flagged as potentially susceptible to infection by the chytrid fungus as with other species in the genus, but there is no further information on this threat (Colombia Red List Assessment Workshop 2016).
This species has not been recorded in any protected areas.
Habitat protection, particularly paramo and sub-paramo, is urgently needed given that the species is not tolerant of much disturbance of its habitat.
Research is needed to better determine its distribution, population size and trends and the threats that may be affecting it.
Red List Status
Listed as Endangered because its extent of occurrence (EOO) is 297 km2, it occurs in three threat-defined locations, and there is continuing decline in the extent and quality of habitat due to agricultural activities, livestock and mining.
IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group 2017. Pristimantis scoloblepharus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2017: e.T56957A85882471. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2017-3.RLTS.T56957A85882471.en .Downloaded on 20 February 2019