Pristimantis polemistes
family: Strabomantidae
subfamily: Pristimantinae
Species Description: Lynch and Ardila-Robayo, 2004, Rev. Acad. Colomb. Cienc. Exact. Fis. Nat., 28: 404.
Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Vulnerable (VU)
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Colombia



View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.

From the IUCN Red List Species Account:


Range Description

This species is endemic to Colombia, and is known from four specimens collected at 2,300-2,320m asl in the Municipio de Urrao, vereda La Clara, quebrada Cañahonda, and from from quebrada La Penca, very nearby. Both localities are on the western flank of the Cordillera Occidental in western Antioquia Department, Colombia. It is unlikely to occur more widely due to the presence of a sister species, Eleutherodactylus bellona, in adjacent regions.

Habitat and Ecology

This species is known from patches of primary forest, and is closely associated with streams. It is suspected to be intolerant of habitat disturbance. Breeding is presumed to take place by direct development.


There is no information on the current population status of this species.

Population Trend


Major Threats

No information is currently available on threats, but the presence of armed groups in the area is probably providing additional protection for the species. Nonetheless, its small range renders it susceptible to stochastic threatening processes.

Conservation Actions

The Permanent Commision on National Parks (of the Academia Colombiana de Ciencias Exactas, Físicas y Naturales) has recommended to the Colombian Government that the Parque Nacional Natural Las Orquideas be expanded in size so as to incorporate the Paramo de Frontino, down to a lower altitudinal limit of 2,400m asl. If the government approves the enlargement, Eleutherodactylus polemistes will benefit by the inclusion of its localities within the expanded park. This species is in need of close population monitoring given its small range.

Red List Status

Vulnerable (VU)


Listed as Vulnerable because it is known from only two locations.


John Lynch 2006. Pristimantis polemistes. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2006: e.T61817A12562100. .Downloaded on 24 February 2019


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