believed to be highly sensitive to transformation of its cloud forest habitat (Cubides and Urbina-Cardona 2011). It breeds by direct development.
It is an uncommon species. Due to ongoing decline in the extent and quality of habitat, the population is expected to be decreasing.
Major threats to the species include habitat loss due to cattle grazing, illegal crops and mining activities. Bd has been found within the range of the species, but there is no information on whether chytridiomycosis has affected it (B. Wilmar pers. comm. August 2016).
A small part of the range of the species is within Reserva Natural Cerro del Inglés. However, this is a private area and there is security that it will remain as a protected area in the near future.
More protected areas are recommended, specially in the northern part of its distribution.
Further research in population trends, ecology and distribution are recommended for the species.
Red List Status
Critically Endangered (CR)
Listed as Critically Endangered because its extent of occurrence (EOO) is 28 km2, it occurs in one threat-defined location, and there is a continuous decline in habitat quality due to cattle grazing, illegal crops and mining activities.
This taxon has previously been confused with Pristimantis calcaratus (Lynch 1998). It was previously assessed under the name Pristimantis kelephas; this was an incorrect subsequent spelling.
IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group 2017. Pristimantis kelephus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2017: e.T56692A85871846. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2017-3.RLTS.T56692A85871846.en .Downloaded on 12 December 2018