Pristimantis kelephas
family: Strabomantidae
subfamily: Pristimantinae

© 2013 Andres Felipe Jaramillo (1 of 1)
Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Critically Endangered (CR)
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Colombia


View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.


From the IUCN Red List Species Account:


Range Description

This species is only known from the region of the type locality and vicinities, in the municipality of El Cairo, in the border between Valle del Cauca and Chocó Departments, Colombia, between 1,900–2,250 m asl. The subpopulation from Munchique, Cauca Department is in fact Pristimantis jubatus (García and Lynch 2006). Its EOO is 28 kmrepresenting a single threat-defined location.

Habitat and Ecology

This species is from cloud forest.  It is found in primary and secondary cloud forests and has not been recorded outside forested areas. It is believed to be highly sensitive to transformation of its cloud forest habitat (Cubides and Urbina-Cardona 2011). It breeds by direct development.


It is an uncommon species. Due to ongoing decline in the extent and quality of habitat, the population is expected to be decreasing.

Population Trend


Major Threats

Major threats to the species include habitat loss due to cattle grazing, illegal crops and mining activities. Bd has been found within the range of the species, but there is no information on whether chytridiomycosis has affected it (B. Wilmar pers. comm. August 2016).

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
A small part of the range of the species is within Reserva Natural Cerro del Inglés. However, this is a private area and there is security that it will remain as a protected area in the near future. 

Conservation Needed
More protected areas are recommended, specially in the northern part of its distribution. 

Research Needed
Further research in population trends, ecology and distribution are recommended for the species.

Red List Status

Critically Endangered (CR)


Listed as Critically Endangered because its extent of occurrence (EOO) is 28 km2, it occurs in one threat-defined location, and there is a continuous decline in habitat quality due to cattle grazing, illegal crops and mining activities.

Taxonomic Notes

This taxon has previously been confused with Pristimantis calcaratus (Lynch 1998). It was previously assessed under the name Pristimantis kelephas; this was an incorrect subsequent spelling.


IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group 2017. Pristimantis kelephus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2017: e.T56692A85871846. .Downloaded on 12 December 2018


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