Oreobates cruralis
family: Strabomantidae
subfamily: Pristimantinae

© 2009 José M. Padial (1 of 5)

  hear Fonozoo call

Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Least Concern (LC)
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Bolivia, Peru



View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.

From the IUCN Red List Species Account:


Range Description

This species occurs east of the Andes, from central Peru to northern and central Bolivia. It is not present in Argentina (this is E. discodalis). In Bolivia, it is found in the Departments of Cochabamba, La Paz, Pando and Santa Cruz (De la Riva et al. 2000, Köhler 2000). In Peru it is found in the Departments Madre de Dios, Cusco, Huanuco and Junin. Its altitudinal range is from 200-2,000m asl.

Habitat and Ecology

This is a terrestrial and arboreal species. It inhabits the foothills of the Amazonian rainforest and Yungas forest (De la Riva et al. 2000). The understorey level is composed of palms, ferns, heliconias, shrubs and young trees. Köhler (2000) and Cortez (2001) point out that it is a mainly terrestrial species that is common in disturbed areas. It can be observed calling on the ground or on low brushwoods. This species breeds by direct development and egg deposition site is in leaf-litter.


This is an abundant species.

Population Trend


Major Threats

There are no major threats to this species; it can survive in modified habitats including gardens.

Conservation Actions

In Bolivia it is protected by Madidi and Cotapata National Parks and Natural Areas of Integrated Management, and in Carrasco and Amboro National Parks. In Peru the range of this species overlaps with Parque Nacional Manu and Bahuaja-Sonene National Park (Madre de Dios) and Parque Nacional Manu (Cuzco).

Red List Status

Least Concern (LC)


Listed as Least Concern in view of its wide distribution, tolerance of a broad range of habitats, presumed large population, and because it is unlikely to be declining fast enough to qualify for listing in a more threatened category.

Taxonomic Notes

This form is a complex of more than one species with several species involved (Reichle et al. 2001).


Claudia Cortez, Steffen Reichle, Lily Rodríguez, Jorge Luis Martinez, Wilfredo Arizabal 2004. Oreobates cruralis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T56536A11494151. .Downloaded on 24 February 2019


IUCN Terms of Use