This species has been reported from the Ponmudi Hills, Athirimala and Wayanad in Kerala, Kalakad-Mundanthurai Tiger Reserve in Tamil Nadu, and Kudremukh National Park within the Western Ghats of India. Records from Kudremukh require further investigation to confirm that they belong to this species. It has an altitudinal range of 300-1,000m asl.
Habitat and Ecology
It occurs in riparian habitats and hill streams in tropical moist evergreen and semi-evergreen forest, and may also be present in slightly degraded habitats. There is little information on its breeding biology or larval development, though breeding presumably takes place by larval development in streams.
It is a locally abundant species.
The main threat to this species is the loss of forest habitat as a result of the harvesting of wood and timber by local people for subsistence purposes.
It has been recorded from Kudremukh National Park in Karnataka, Neyar Wildlife Sanctuary and Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary, both in Kerala, and Kalakad-Mundanthurai Tiger Reserve in Tamil Nadu. It is included as part of ongoing studies by Biju (1997-present) and Addoor (1997-present). It is protected by national legislation.
Red List Status
Listed as Endangered because, despite its local abundance, its Extent of Occurrence is less than 5,000 km2, its distribution is severely fragmented, and there is continuing decline in the extent and quality of its habitat.
S.D. Biju, Sushil Dutta, M.S. Ravichandran, Robert Inger 2004. Nyctibatrachus aliciae. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T58395A11767232. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2004.RLTS.T58395A11767232.en .Downloaded on 10 December 2018