This species is known from Biligirirangan Hills (Karnataka) and Wayanad (Kerala) (Biju 2001) in the southern Western Ghats at elevations ranging between 600 and 1,800m asl.
Habitat and Ecology
It is a terrestrial, leaf-litter species of hilly areas, associated with riparian vegetation (especially grassland) in moist evergreen tropical forest. It has also been recorded from lightly disturbed forest fringes. There is little information on its breeding biology, but it presumably breeds in water by larval development.
There is no information on the population status of this recently described species.
In the past, the major threat to this species was habitat loss through conversion to agricultural land (cultivated fields) and the extraction of wood from tropical forests. Habitat loss due to urbanization in the region is now the main threat.
It is known to occur in the Bilgiris Rangaswamy Wild Life Sanctuary in Karnataka, and Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary in Kerala. Further survey work is needed to determine the current population status of this species, and to investigate further its breeding biology.
Red List Status
Listed as Endangered because its Extent of Occurrence is less than 5,000 km2, all individuals are in fewer than five locations, and there is continuing decline in the extent and quality of its habitat outside protected areas.
S.D. Biju, Sushil Dutta, Gajanan Dasaramji Bhuddhe, Karthikeyan Vasudevan, Chelmala Srinivasulu 2004. Microhyla sholigari. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T57893A11688938. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2004.RLTS.T57893A11688938.en .Downloaded on 14 December 2018