This species is known only from mountainous areas of northern Borneo, in Sabah and northeastern Sarawak (Malaysia), and northeastern Kalimantan (Indonesia), from 650–2,700 m asl.
Habitat and Ecology
This species has been found only in submontane and montane primary forests. It does not adapt to modified or degraded habitats. It is closely associated with clear, cascading, rocky streams, where it breeds. The larvae cling to the rocks in strong currents and probably feed on lithophytic algae.
It is a locally abundant species.
The principal threat to the species is rapid clear-cutting of lowland tropical rainforest in forest concession land and for oil palm plantations (Indonesia Red List Assessment Workshop May 2017). Expanding human settlements and subsequent illegal logging and small-small agriculture (slash and burn) are also threats (Indonesia Red List Assessment Workshop May 2017). In Malaysian Borneo, it occurs only in several well-protected and well-managed national parks. The subpopulation in Sarawak is within Gunung Mulu National Park, which is well protected and not threatened at present (Y.M. Pui and I. Das pers. comm. March 2018).
This species has been recorded from the protected areas of Kinabalu National Park, Crocker Range National Park, Mt. Trus Madi, Kayan Mentarang National Park, and Gunung Mulu National Park.
Further research is needed to resolve the taxonomy of this species, and to better understand its distribution, population size and trends.
Red List Status
Near Threatened (NT)
Listed as Least Concern in view of its wide distribution and presumed large population.
IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group 2018. Meristogenys kinabaluensis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2018: e.T58371A114922178. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2018-1.RLTS.T58371A114922178.en .Downloaded on 15 December 2018