Melanophryniscus simplex
family: Bufonidae
Species Description: Caramaschi and Cruz, 2002, Arq. Mus. Nac., Rio de Janeiro, 60: 311.
Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Data Deficient (DD)
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Brazil



View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.

From the IUCN Red List Species Account:


Range Description

This species is known only from the type locality, Bom Jardin da Serra, Sao Joaquim, Santa Catarina State, Brazil, at approximately 1,300m asl.

Habitat and Ecology

It is found on sphagnum moss in montane savannah. Its breeding habits are unknown, but the larvae presumably develop in water.


It is only known from a single collection in 1970. There have been few recent attempts to locate this species because it was only recently described.

Population Trend


Major Threats

The main threats to this species are probably the spread of pine plantations, overgrazing by cattle, and fires.

Conservation Actions

It occurs in Parque Nacional Sao JoaquĆ­n and Parque Estadual da Serra Furada.

Red List Status

Data Deficient (DD)


Listed as Data Deficient since it has only recently been described, and there is still very little information on its extent of occurrence, status and ecological requirements.


Paulo Garcia 2004. Melanophryniscus simplex. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T54829A11211488. .Downloaded on 20 February 2019


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