L. lithonaetes is of moderate size. The male has vocal sacs that are dark and laterally expanded. Adult males have a pair of chest spines and one black thumb on each hand, as well as a patch of black tubercles on the chin and throat. The toe tips are free of webbing and lateral fringes. Most adults either have one short pair of ridges or warts in the shoulder area or they lack dorso-lateral folds all together. Most adults also have a dorsal pattern consisting of 6-8 spots lengthwise and across the dorsum. The sole of the foot is smooth in most specimens. The species lacks middorsal stripes. Adults have no webbing or lateral fringes on the toes.The larvae are long, have low tail fins, and are members of the semiterrestrial guild. The larvae also have glandular ridges above the abdominal cavity. Their total length ranges from 28-36 mm, and the head-body length is 9-10 mm. The dorsum of the head-body is brown.
Distribution and Habitat
Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Colombia, Venezuela
L. lithonaetes is found near the border of Colombia and Venezuela and extending eastward into Colombia. The species lives in granitic and sandstone habitats associated with flowing water.
The name lithonaetes is derived from the Greek word lithos, stone or rock, and naetes, inhabitant, in reference to the habitat of this species.
Heyer, W.R. and Heyer, M.M. (2001). ''Amphibia: Anura: Leptodactylidae.'' Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles, 723.1-723.3.
Written by Ambika Sopory (shambika AT hotmail.com), UC Berkeley
First submitted 2001-10-08
Edited by Ambika Sopory (2001-10-12)
Species Account Citation: AmphibiaWeb 2001 Leptodactylus lithonaetes <http://amphibiaweb.org/species/3339> University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. Accessed Dec 16, 2018.
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Citation: AmphibiaWeb. 2018. <http://amphibiaweb.org> University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. Accessed 16 Dec 2018.
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