Eleutherodactylus sommeri

Subgenus: Eleutherodactylus
family: Eleutherodactylidae
subfamily: Eleutherodactylinae
Species Description: Elevated to species (formerly considered a subspecies of Eleutherodactylus wetmorei), by Hedges et al. 2008 Zootaxa 1737:1-182.
Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Endangered (EN)
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Dominican Republic, Haiti


View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.


From the IUCN Red List Species Account:


Range Description

This species occurs in the Massif du Nord in Haiti and extends into the very western extent of the Cordillera Central, in the Dominican Republic. It has been recorded from 700-1,040 m asl. Its current range (taken as a proxy for extent of occurrence) is estimated to be ca. 1,773 km2 based on its area polygon.

Habitat and Ecology

It is arboreal in mesic broadleaf forest, and is found in bromeliads and other plants. It can also be found in the leaf axils of banana plantations. In plantations this species is only associated with banana tree plants. Males call from the forest canopy, and eggs are laid in bromeliads; breeding takes place by direct development.


It is considered to be common in suitable habitat. It was last seen in the Dominican Republic in 2010 in a disturbed agricultural area. The population is considered to be severely fragmented (i.e. it occurs in fragmented habitat patches, has poor dispersal ability, such that it is not possible for animals to move between fragments, and has 50% or more of its individuals in isolated and fragmented habitat patches).

Population Trend


Major Threats

Severe forest destruction is taking place within its range due to charcoaling and slash-and-burn agriculture.

Conservation Actions

In the Dominican Republic the species has been recorded on the border of Loma Nalga de Maco National Park. Although not confirmed, it is expected that the species occurs within this protected area. An expansion of the park to encompass the site where this frog has been observed would be of benefit to the species. Information is needed on whether it is found in any protected areas in Haiti. More information is needed on this species' distribution, population status and natural history. The Dominican governmental agency Ministerio de Educación Superior, Ciencia y Tecnología (MECyT) is currently financing a three-year Dominican conservation project on threatened frogs due to climate change (RANA-RD), and which is expected to contribute towards a national Dominican amphibian conservation action plan with policy recommendations (C. Marte, M. Rodríguez and L. Diaz pers. comms. March 2011).

The Amphibian Ark Conservation Needs Assessment process (Amphibian Ark 2011) conducted in the joint IUCN-Amphibian Ark workshop where this species was reassessed identified that further conservation actions for this taxon should include in situ conservation and conservation education.

Red List Status

Endangered (EN)


Listed as Endangered given that its extent of occurrence is estimated to be 1,773 km2,  its population is considered to be severely fragmented, and although it exhibits a degree of tolerance to habitat modification, it probably cannot withstand wholesale clear-cutting, which is occurring to its forest habitat in Hispaniola.

Taxonomic Notes

This species was split from Eleutherodactylus wetmorei (Hedges et al. 2008).


IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group 2013. Eleutherodactylus sommeri. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2013: e.T195014A2373229. .Downloaded on 12 December 2018


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