This species has a restricted range in the Cordillera Central in the Dominican Republic, from 1,212-1,770m asl.
Habitat and Ecology
It occurs in upland pinewoods and forests, and has not been recorded outside forest habitat. Males call from the ground or from rocks, eggs are laid on the ground, and it breeds by direct development.
It is clearly rare and is known from only a few localities.
The major threat is habitat loss, in particular from agriculture, livestock farming, charcoaling, and disturbance from ecotourism. Chytrid fungus has been detected in this species in La Vega and Casabito in the Dominican Republic.
It occurs in Parque Nacional Armando Berudez and in the Reservas Cientificas Valle Nuevo and Del Ebaño Verde, but there is inadequate management of several of these areas for conservation, and the habitat continues to be destroyed. There is a need for improved management and protection of these reserves, and also for close population monitoring of the species, particularly given the threat of chytrid.
Red List Status
Listed as Endangered because its Extent of Occurrence is less than 5,000km2, its Area of Occupancy is less than 500km2, its distribution is severely fragmented, and there is continuing decline in the extent and quality of its habitat in the Cordillera Central, Dominican Republic.
Blair Hedges, Sixto Inchaustegui, Robert Powell 2004. Eleutherodactylus pituinus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T56863A11534341. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2004.RLTS.T56863A11534341.en .Downloaded on 16 December 2018