AMPHIBIAWEB
Eleutherodactylus paralius

Subgenus: Euhyas
family: Eleutherodactylidae
subfamily: Eleutherodactylinae
 
Species Description: Elevated to species (formerly considered a subspecies of Eleutherodactylus weinlandi), by Hedges et al. 2008 Zootaxa 1737:1-182.
Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Near Threatened (NT)
CITES
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Dominican Republic, Haiti

 

View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.

   

From the IUCN Red List Species Account:

 

Range Description

 This species is endemic to the coastal zone of the Eastern Plains of  the Dominican Republic. It has been reported across an area of 113 km and it is widely distributed within its range (S. Inchaustegui, M. Rodríguez, L. Diaz, C. Marte pers comms. March 2011). Its range, taken here as a proxy for its extent of occurrence (EOO), is estimated to be 3,005 km2 from its area polygon.

Habitat and Ecology

It is terrestrial in a variety of mesic habitats, including plantations, woods, gardens, ravines and trash piles in urban areas. Males call from caves, rocks, or low vegetation. Eggs are laid on the ground and it breeds by direct development.

Population

It is abundant in suitable habitats within its known distribution, and it has been recorded on a regular basis throughout its range (S. Inchaustegui, M. Rodríguez, L. Diaz, M. Landestoy, C. Marte pers comms. March 2011). It was last seen in 2011.

Population Trend

stable

Major Threats

The Eastern Plains are an area of significant development in the Dominican Republic. Continuing conversion of habitats for agricultural land, urbanization, and for the tourism industry is reducing the availability of high quality habitat for this species, and although the species is able to exist in disturbed environments the current rate of development is likely to have an overall negative impact on the population (S. Inchaustegui, M. Rodríguez, L. Diaz, M. Landestoy, C. Marte pers. comms. March 2011).

Conservation Actions

It occurs in several small protected areas, although some may likely require better management. Additional habitat protection would also be needed. The Dominican governmental agency Ministerio de Educación Superior, Ciencia y Tecnología (MECyT) is currently financing a three-year Dominican conservation project on threatened frogs due to climate change (RANA-RD), and which is expected to contribute towards a national Dominican amphibian conservation action plan with policy recommendations (C. Marte, M. Rodríguez and L. Diaz pers. comms. March 2011).

The Amphibian Ark Conservation Needs Assessment process (Amphibian Ark 2011) conducted in the joint IUCN-Amphibian Ark workshop where this species was reassessed identified that further conservation actions for this taxon should include in situ conservation.

Red List Status

Near Threatened (NT)

Rationale

Listed as Near Threatened given that, even though it is a common species with the ability to survive in a variety of disturbed environments (is not severely fragmented and known from more than ten locations), it has an estimated extent of occurrence of 3,005 km2 and its natural habitat in the Dominican Republic is declining. It almost qualifies for a threatened listing under criterion B1ab(iii).

Taxonomic Notes

This species was split from Eleutherodactylus weinlandi (Hedges et al. 2008).

Citation

IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group 2013. Eleutherodactylus paralius. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2013: e.T195012A2373082. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2013-1.RLTS.T195012A2373082.en .Downloaded on 9 December 2018

 

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