This species can be found on the Atlantic versant of Mexico from central Veracruz eastwards to the Isthmus of Tehuantepec and north-central Chiapas through northern Guatemala. One isolated population has been recorded in north-eastern Guatemala and another in south-western Belize. It also occurs on the Pacific versant in the Isthmus of Tehuantepec. It occurs at 5-500m asl. It probably occurs more widely than known records suggest.
Habitat and Ecology
It is an inhabitant of lowland tropical rainforest and evergreen forest, and is associated with terrestrial microhabitats (commonly found under rocks). Reproduction occurs by direct development.
There is little information on the current population status of this species across its range, but it is at best uncommon.
Habitat loss, due to logging and smallholder agricultural activities, is a major threat to this species.
It is recorded from several protected areas, including Reserva de la Biósfera Los Tuxtlas. However, there is a need for improved habitat protection across its range, particularly in the Chimalapas region. Further survey work is required to better understand the range and population status of this species.
Red List Status
Listed as Vulnerable because its Extent of Occurrence is less than 20,000 km2, its distribution is severely fragmented, and there is continuing decline in the extent and quality of its forest habitat in Mexico, Guatemala and Belize.
Included by some authors in the genus Syrrhophus.
Georgina Santos-Barrera, Luis Canseco-Márquez, Julian Lee, Manuel Acevedo 2004. Eleutherodactylus leprus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T56714A11521644. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2004.RLTS.T56714A11521644.en .Downloaded on 12 December 2018