This species is widely, but very patchily, distributed in the Jamaican interior, ranging from 120-1,290m asl.
Habitat and Ecology
It occurs only in lowland and montane moist old growth forests, and is almost always associated with arboreal or terrestrial bromeliads. Males call from, and eggs are laid in, bromeliads.
It is uncommon.
Its dependence upon bromeliads in mostly undisturbed forest makes it especially susceptible to habitat loss. Unfortunately, habitat degradation and deforestation is taking place in much of its range (such as the Blue Mountains) due to agricultural activities, human settlements, and logging.
It occurs in the Blue and John Crow Mountains National Park and several forest reserves; however, there are coffee plantations even within the park's limits and habitat disturbance resulting from tourist activities in the park remains an issue. There is clearly a need for more effective and strengthened management of the existing protected areas in the region.
Red List Status
Listed as Endangered because its Extent of Occurrence is less than 5,000 km2, its distribution is severely fragmented, and there is continuing decline in the extent and quality of its habitat in Jamaica.
Blair Hedges, Susan Koenig, Byron Wilson 2004. Eleutherodactylus jamaicensis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T56681A11504189. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2004.RLTS.T56681A11504189.en .Downloaded on 10 December 2018