This species can be found at moderate elevations of the Sierra de Omoa west-south-west of San Pedro Sula on the Atlantic versant of north-western Honduras, at elevations of 760-1,150m asl.
Habitat and Ecology
The species occurs in, and breeds by direct development along, streams in premontane wet forest.
It is known from 24 specimens. Formerly, it was moderately common, but is now undergoing a precipitous decline. A visit to the area of the type locality in 1996 failed to turn up individuals of this or any other amphibian.
Although habitat loss is certainly affecting this species, this does not explain the dramatic decline that has taken place. Some other species of Craugastor that are associated with streams have undergone dramatic declines and disappearances at higher elevations, possibly due to chytridiomycosis, and so this might be a major threat to this species.
It is not known to occur in any protected areas. It is a very high priority to conduct surveys to relocate this species and determine its current population status; in view of the risk of chytridiomycosis, surviving individuals might need to form the basis for the establishment of an ex-situ population.
Red List Status
Critically Endangered (CR)
Listed as Critically Endangered because of a drastic population decline, estimated to be more than 80% over the last ten years, inferred from the apparent disappearance of most or all of the population (probably due to chytridiomycosis); and because its Extent of Occurrence is less than 100 km2, all individuals are in a single location, and there is continuing decline in the extent and quality of its habitat, and in the number of mature individuals.
This species was previously included in the genus Eleutherodactylus (Crawford and Smith 2005).
Gustavo Cruz, Larry David Wilson 2004. Craugastor omoaensis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T56810A11536214. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2004.RLTS.T56810A11536214.en .Downloaded on 14 November 2018