This species is known from the Río Choluteca watershed from Cerro La Tigra and Cerro Uyuca to El Zamorano in south-central Honduras at elevations of 800-2,000m asl.
Habitat and Ecology
The preferred habitat of this species is premontane and lower montane moist forest. It occurs in leaf-litter, and has been collected along streams and in a citrus grove away from streams. Reproduction occurs by direct development.
There have been no sightings of this species since 1985 despite one targeted effort to look for this species. Considering that all streamside Eleutherodactylus occurring above 900m asl in Honduras have disappeared recently, this species might be extinct.
Although the precise reasons for the declines seen in this species are unclear, it is possible that the apparent disappearance might be due to chytridiomycosis.
Survey work is urgently needed to determine the population status of this species, and the reasons for its decline. It is known to occur in the Parque Nacional La Tigra and the Reserva Biológica Cerro Uyuca.
Red List Status
Critically Endangered (CR)
Listed as Critically Endangered because of a drastic population decline, estimated to be more than 80% over the last three generations, inferred from the apparent disappearance of most of the population (probably due to chytridiomycosis); and because its Area of Occupancy is less than 10 km2, all individuals are in a single location, and there is continuing decline in the number of mature individuals.
Larry David Wilson, Randy McCranie 2004. Craugastor emleni. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T56579A11485971. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2004.RLTS.T56579A11485971.en .Downloaded on 16 November 2018