Bufotes zugmayeri
family: Bufonidae
Taxonomic Notes: This is thought to be a triploid species that originated by hybridization of two related diploid species, one likely B. turanensis (see several publications by Stoeck and coauthors: Evolution 2006 Mol Phyl Evo, 2010 Evol, 2012 PRSB, 2015 Heredity, 2015 J Biog.).
Species Description: Stoeck, M., Moritz, C., Hickerson, M., Frynta, D., Dujsebayeva, T., Eremchenko, V., Macey, J.R., Papenfuss, T.J. and Wake, D.B. 2006. Evolution of mitochondrial relationships and biogeography of Palearctic green toads (Bufo viridis subgroup) with insights in their genomic plasticity. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 41: 663-689.
Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Least Concern (LC)
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Pakistan



View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.

From the IUCN Red List Species Account:


Range Description

This species is only known from the vicinity of the type locality: Pishin, Baluchistan, Pakistan (Frost 2009).

Habitat and Ecology

It has been found in a breeding pond in a cultivated area on the outskirts of Pishin town (T. Papenfuss pers. comm. 2009). It appears to do well in traditional agricultural areas (T. Papenfuss pers. comm. 2009).


It was a common species when last seen on  April 2005, where there were over 50 adults in a pond about 20 meters in diameter (T. Papenfuss pers. comm. 2009). It is thought to occur commonly in the general area (T. Papenfuss pers. comm. 2009).

Population Trend


Major Threats

There appear to be no major threats to this species as a whole.

Conservation Actions

No conservation actions are currently known for this species.

Red List Status

Least Concern (LC)


Listed as Least Concern because even though this species is known from a restricted area, it is common, adaptable, does not appear to be threatened, and it is presumed to range more widely than what is currently known.

Taxonomic Notes

We follow Frost (2009) in considering Pseudepidalea (now Bufotes) zugmayeri as a valid species.


IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group 2010. Bufotes zugmayeri. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2010: e.T164778A5925264. .Downloaded on 23 February 2019


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