Bufotes turanensis
family: Bufonidae
Taxonomic Notes: This diploid species is thought to have been involved in the origins of tetraploid B. pewzowi by hybridization with diploid B. turanensis, with tetraploid B. oblongus by an independent hybridization event with B. turanensis, and with triploid B. baturae by yet a third hybridization event with B. turanensis (see several publications by Stoeck and coauthors: Evolution 2006 Mol Phyl Evo, 2010 Evol, 2012 PRSB, 2015 Heredity, 2015 J Biog.).
Species Description: Stoeck, M., Moritz, C., Hickerson, M., Frynta, D., Dujsebayeva, T., Eremchenko, V., Macey, J.R., Papenfuss, T.J. and Wake, D.B. 2006. Evolution of mitochondrial relationships and biogeography of Palearctic green toads (Bufo viridis subgroup) with insights in their genomic plasticity. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 41: 663-689.

© 2011 Barbod Safaei (1 of 12)
Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Least Concern (LC)
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Iran, Islamic Republic of, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan



View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.

From the IUCN Red List Species Account:


Range Description

This species appears to be an endemic species of the Kopet-Dagh mountain range and a little of the eastern Elbourz mountain range in northern Iran and southern Turkmenistan. It is possibly present in adjacent Uzbekistan and Afghanistan, although this requires confirmation.

Habitat and Ecology

This species is found in an area of arid mountains and hills, and breeds in slow moving streams and ponds. Populations can be found close to villages and in disturbed habitats.


It is a very common species.

Population Trend


Major Threats

There appear to be no major threats to this species as a whole.

Conservation Actions

This species has been recorded from the Turan Protected Area of Iran (Theodore Papenfuss and pers. comm., September 2008), and might be present in the Suntkhasazdag Nature Reserve in Turkmenistan (Natalia Ananjeva and Nikolai Orlov pers. comm., September, 2008). Other than general research activities, no direct conservation measures are needed for this species as a whole.

Red List Status

Least Concern (LC)


Listed as Least Concern in view of its wide distribution, tolerance of a degree of habitat modification, presumed large population, and because it is unlikely to be declining fast enough to qualify for listing in a more threatened category.


Theodore Papenfuss, Soheila Shafiei Bafti, Mozafar Sharifi, Natalia Ananjeva & Nikolai Orlov 2009. Bufotes turanensis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2009: e.T153570A4518109. .Downloaded on 18 February 2019


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