This species appears to be an endemic species of the Kopet-Dagh mountain range and a little of the eastern Elbourz mountain range in northern Iran and southern Turkmenistan. It is possibly present in adjacent Uzbekistan and Afghanistan, although this requires confirmation.
Habitat and Ecology
This species is found in an area of arid mountains and hills, and breeds in slow moving streams and ponds. Populations can be found close to villages and in disturbed habitats.
It is a very common species.
There appear to be no major threats to this species as a whole.
This species has been recorded from the Turan Protected Area of Iran (Theodore Papenfuss and pers. comm., September 2008), and might be present in the Suntkhasazdag Nature Reserve in Turkmenistan (Natalia Ananjeva and Nikolai Orlov pers. comm., September, 2008). Other than general research activities, no direct conservation measures are needed for this species as a whole.
Red List Status
Least Concern (LC)
Listed as Least Concern in view of its wide distribution, tolerance of a degree of habitat modification, presumed large population, and because it is unlikely to be declining fast enough to qualify for listing in a more threatened category.
Theodore Papenfuss, Soheila Shafiei Bafti, Mozafar Sharifi, Natalia Ananjeva & Nikolai Orlov 2009. Bufotes turanensis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2009: e.T153570A4518109. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2009.RLTS.T153570A4518109.en .Downloaded on 18 February 2019