Bolitoglossa zapoteca
Zapotec Salamander, Salamandra Zapoteca
Subgenus: Oaxakia
family: Plethodontidae
subfamily: Hemidactyliinae

© 2013 Sean Michael Rovito (1 of 5)
Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Critically Endangered (CR)
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Mexico


View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.


From the IUCN Red List Species Account:


Range Description

This species is known only from the eastern part of the Sierra Madre del Sur near Quiegolani, Oaxaca, Mexico, at around 1,875m asl. Field work in 2012 recorded this species in the same locality. Its extent of occurrence and area of occupancy is 77 km2.

Habitat and Ecology

This species lives in pine-oak forest, which is now severely degraded, and reproduces by direct development.


Five new specimens were found in 2012, in addition to the few individuals (less than ten) that were known when the species was last assessed (2008).  The species has persisted through periods of disturbance mainly from logging, but the population trend is unknown.

Population Trend


Major Threats

Even though the species was recently collected, the impact that the forest clearance and broad habitat degradation for smallholder farming and urban areas throughout its range may have on this species is not known. Habitat degradation within its range continues and will continue into the near future.

Conservation Actions

Conservation Action
It is not known to occur in any protected areas. 

Conservation Needed
Site conservation, including habitat restoration measures, may benefit this species. Development of sustainable economic alternatives for local communities are needed to ease the pressures upon the natural ecosystems. Encouraging education and awareness among with local people for this species is necessary to avoid further degradation of its habitat.  

Research Needed
Research is needed on its natural history, and its population size and distribution. The development and implementation of a species management plan is recommended in addition to community education and awareness.

Red List Status

Critically Endangered (CR)


Listed as Critically Endangered because its extent of occurrence is 77 km2 and the species occurs in one threat-defined location. The species appears to show some tolerance to habitat modification, however it is not known how much habitat degradation it can tolerate.


IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group 2015. Bolitoglossa zapoteca. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2015: e.T59219A53977686. .Downloaded on 16 January 2019


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