Bolitoglossa synoria

Subgenus: Magnadigita
family: Plethodontidae
subfamily: Hemidactyliinae

© 2008 Sean Michael Rovito (1 of 8)
Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Critically Endangered (CR)
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: El Salvador, Honduras



View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.

From the IUCN Red List Species Account:


Range Description

This species occurs on Cerro El Pital in the Department of Ocotepeque in south-west Honduras, and in adjacent north-western El Salvador, at 2,150 m asl.

Habitat and Ecology

It lives on low vegetation in lower montane moist forest, and in nearby degraded areas where there is good cover. Animals have been recorded from bromeliads, a tree fern, on tree trunks, under ground cover, and close to streams in cloud forest (Köhler et al. 2006). It breeds by direct development.


It is an uncommon species.

Population Trend


Major Threats

The major threat to this species is habitat loss and degradation due to the impacts of forest fires, and encroachment by subsistence farming.

Conservation Actions

Cerro El Pital, which is the highest point in El Salvador, was declared a Biological Reserve in 1987, but on the Honduran side of the border only. Expansion of this protected area to include all of the Cerro El Pital is urgently needed.

Red List Status

Critically Endangered (CR)


Listed as Critically Endangered because its Extent of Occurrence is less than 100 km2, all individuals are in a single location, and there is continuing decline in the extent and quality of its habitat on Cerro El Pital.


Cruz, G., Wilson, L.D., McCranie, R., Köhler, G. & Castañeda, F. 2010. Bolitoglossa synoria. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2010: e.T59213A114577360. .Downloaded on 24 February 2019


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