AMPHIBIAWEB
Atelopus chirripoensis
family: Bufonidae
 
Species Description: Savage JM, Bolanos F 2009 An enigmatic frog of the genus Atelopus (Family Bufonidae) from Parque Nacional Chirripo, Cordillera de Talamanca, Costa Rica. Revista Biologia Tropical 57:381-386.
Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Critically Endangered (CR)
CITES
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Costa Rica

 

View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.

   

From the IUCN Red List Species Account:

 

Range Description

This species is known only from a single site four kilometers north of Cerro Chirripó, Costa Rica (Savage and Bolaños 2008). Its elevational range is 3,400-3,500 m asl. Surveys in this area suggest that this species would be endemic to Cerro Chirripó (F. Bolaños pers. comm. August 2010).

Habitat and Ecology

It occurs in high altitude grassland and shrubland qualified as Tropical Subalpine Pluvial Paramo life zone (Savage and Bolaños 2008). The only known individual was found among a series of small shallow ponds that desiccate seasonally (Savage and Bolaños 2008). Although there is no information on its reproductive biology, it is presumed to breed by larval development in temporary ponds.

Population

A single individual was collected in March 1980 from a breeding aggregation. The species has not been seen since, despite numerous searches in the area where it was originally found (Savage and Bolaños 2008).

Population Trend

unknown

Major Threats

The habitat of the species is not threatened because it is located in a remote, well-protected national park (Savage and Bolaños 2008). While there is no record of chytrid fungus for this species or for this specific site, Cerro Chirripó is within the Cordillera de Talamanca, where chytrid fungus has been found (B. Young pers. comm. March 2013). Given the fact that the species has not been seen since its initial discovery despite multiple surveys, chytrid fungus is a suspected threat factor.

Conservation Actions

Its entire known range is protected within Chirripó National Park, which is a well protected area, and adjacent highland areas are preserved in other national parks, so habitat is well conserved across this region. Surveys are urgently needed to determine if this species is still extant and any threats investigated.

Red List Status

Critically Endangered (CR)

Rationale

Listed as Critically Endangered because it is known from a single individual, collected in 1980, and despite several subsequent surveys to the region of the type locality no more individuals have been found, suggesting that if the species is still extant it is likely to have fewer than 50 mature individuals.

Citation

IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group & NatureServe 2013. Atelopus chirripoensis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2013: e.T186064A1809697. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2013-1.RLTS.T186064A1809697.en .Downloaded on 19 December 2018

 

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