This species is found on the Atlantic slopes of the Sierra Madre Oriental and associated ranges in Mexico. It is also found in central Veracruz and northern Oaxaca in Mexico. It occurs from 450-1,900m asl.
Habitat and Ecology
This species inhabits cloud forest habitats. It breeds and takes refuge in bromeliads.
This has always been an uncommon species, but it appears to have gone into serious decline, and has not been recorded since 1974. Recent surveys to locate it have been unsuccessful, and it might now be extinct.
This species has disappeared in suitable habitat, probably due to chytridiomycosis. Deforestation and alteration of the cloud forest are probably also major threats, as it requires bromeliads in mature trees to survive.
The range of this species does not include any protected area. Additional survey work is urgently needed to determine whether or not this species is still extant in its natural range. It is protected by Mexican law under the "Special Protection" category (Pr).
Red List Status
Critically Endangered (CR)
Listed as Critically Endangered because of a drastic population decline, estimated to be more than 80% over the last three generations, inferred from the apparent disappearance of most, or all, of the population, probably due to chytridiomycosis.
This species was previously included in the genus Hyla but has recently been moved to the new genus Bromeliohyla (Faivovich et al. 2005).
Georgina Santos-Barrera, Luis Canseco-Márquez 2004. Bromeliohyla dendroscarta. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T55466A11315413. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2004.RLTS.T55466A11315413.en