This species occurs on the Atlantic versant of northwestern Chiapas State, Mexico; central and eastern Guatemala; the Maya Mountains of Belize; and northwestern Honduras, at 350-1,790 m asl. Its extent of occurrence (EOO) is estimated to be 50,567 km2.
Habitat and Ecology
It is found in bromeliads in premontane and lower montane wet forest. It breeds by larval development. The species is not associated with heavily disturbed forests or other types of altered habitats (C. Vásquez-Almazán pers. comm. 2014).
It is known from single specimens in Belize and Mexico. It is uncommon in Guatemala, but it continues to occur in suitable habitat. However, some subpopulations have experienced declines in the past. In fact, some higher elevation populations in Guatemala, where most of the range occurs, appear to have declined sharply although the species has not disappeared; populations at lower elevations appear stable. It is not known if declines are ongoing. Survey efforts between 2005-2013 at various sites in Guatemala produced eight individuals (C. Vásquez-Almazán pers. comm. 2014). It is restricted to remnant tracts of forest that are surrounded by deforested areas and land use, which has likely rendered the population severely fragmented. It is relatively common in Honduras.
The main threat is deforestation, due to agriculture (both crops and livestock) and water pollution, particularly outside of protected areas (C. Vásquez-Almazán pers. comm. 2014). However, use of agrochemicals and illegal logging by communities within and around the Sierra Caral protected area as well as illegal logging within Parque Nacional Cusuco may represent threats to this species (J. Kolby pers. comm. 2011, C. Vásquez-Almazán pers. comm. 2014). The declines observed at high elevations, which have taken place even in suitable habitat, could be linked to chytridiomycosis. Chytridiomycosis infections have been detected in this species in Cusuco (Kolby 2011). Droughts are also considered a threat to this species, which relies on humid forested conditions that support large quantities of epiphytes (C. Vásquez-Almazán pers comm. 2014).
It is found in Parque Nacional Cusuco and Parque Nacional Cerro Azul in Honduras. In Guatemala, it is found in the Reserva de la Biósfera Sierra de la Minas, Biotopo del Quetzal and the Sierra Caral amphibian reserve established in 2012. Further research is necessary to ascertain whether chytrid is a threat to this species. Research and monitoring are needed to better understand current distribution (particularly in Mexico and Belize), population trends and current threats. Site protection and management strategies are needed to eliminate illegal deforestation that has occurred in some protected areas and to prioritize reforestation activities that could restore habitat connectivity.
Red List Status
Least Concern (LC)
Listed as Least Concern because its extent of occurrence (EOO) is estimated to be 50,567 km2 and there is no indication of ongoing declines at the time of this assessment. It is a rare species, its population is potentially severely fragmented and there is ongoing decline in the area and quality of habitat; however, threats to the species are spread across a relatively large geographic area. In addition, the species is known from several protected areas. However, it should be noted that the EOO estimate is largely influenced by records of single specimens found in Mexico and Belize.
This species was previously included in the genus Hyla but has recently been moved to the new genus Bromeliohyla (Faivovich et al. 2005).
IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group 2014. Bromeliohyla bromeliacia. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2014: e.T55422A53953100. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2014-3.RLTS.T55422A53953100.en