Caecilia orientalis
family: Caeciliidae
Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Least Concern (LC)
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Colombia, Ecuador


View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.


From the IUCN Red List Species Account:


Range Description

This species is known from the eastern slopes of the Andes in Colombia (Putumayo department) and Ecuador (Sucumbios and Napo provinces). It can be found between 600-2,410m asl. Specimens from another two localities in the Western and Central Cordilleras of Colombia have also been assigned to this species.

Habitat and Ecology

It lives in foothill and cloud forests, and also in secondary habitats and pastures near the edge of cloud forest. During the rainy season it can be found in very humid places and under stones in unflooded areas (Mueses-Cisneros, 2005). It lays eggs in holes in the ground in very humid areas. The adults guard the eggs, and the larvae move into water to complete their development.


The abundance of this species is poorly known.

Population Trend


Major Threats

Deforestation as a result of expanding agriculture is a potential threat, but there is not enough information to confirm this, especially since it has been recorded from secondary habitats.

Conservation Actions

In Ecuador, its geographic range overlaps with the Reserva Ecológica Cayambe Coca and some other protected areas. It is not confirmed from any protected areas in Colombia.

Red List Status

Least Concern (LC)

Taxonomic Notes

This is a poorly circumscribed species in need of taxonomic review (M. Wilkinson pers. comm.). It is probable that specimens from Colombia and Ecuador belong to different species (J. Lynch pers. comm.).


Luis A. Coloma, Santiago Ron, Fernando Nogales, Mario Yánez-Muñoz, Mark Wilkinson, Marvalee Wake 2010. Caecilia orientalis. In: IUCN 2014


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