This species is known from the coastal lowlands of Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil, up to 50m asl.
Habitat and Ecology
It lives in bromeliads in Restinga vegetation and breeds in temporary rain pools in the same habitat. It is only usually found during the breeding period as it is otherwise hidden in bromeliads. This is the only frog that eats fruit.
It is very common.
The major threat to it is the destruction of Restinga vegetation for the development of human infrastructure.
Its range includes several protected areas. More research into the limits of its range and its ecological requirements is needed.
Sergio Potsch de Carvalho-e-Silva, Ana Maria Telles, Carlos Alberto Gonçalves da Cruz 2004. Xenohyla truncata. In: IUCN 2013