30-40 mm. Dorsum mainly green with yellowish glands. Belly and chest black, with pale green or yellowish glands. Chin and throat black with some yellow spots. Ventral surface of thighs, palms and soles red.
Distribution and Habitat
Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Brazil
The habitat for this species is the banks of streams in hills of the Brazilian Southern Plateau in Rio Grande do Sul State.
Life History, Abundance, Activity, and Special Behaviors
This species breeds after rains in October and perhaps later. The clutches are deposited in marginal ponds.
Trends and Threats
Because this species is a microendemic, its survival is directly related to habitat preservation.
Possible reasons for amphibian decline
General habitat alteration and loss
Di Bernardo, M., Maneyro, R., and Grillo, H. (2006). ''A new species of Melanophryniscus (Anura: Bufonidae) from Rio Grande do Sul, southern Brazil.'' Journal of Herpetology, 40(2), 261-266.
Written by Raúl Maneyro (rmaneyro AT fcien.edu.uy), Sección Zoología Vertebrados, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad de la República.
First submitted 2006-08-04
Edited by David Wake (2006-08-04)
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